Interstate 78 & Garden State Parkway

Project Details:

Owner: New Jersey Department of Transportation
General Contractor: Union Paving & Construction Company, Inc.
Duration of Work: 3 weeks
Subsurface Conditions: Highly variable fill of silty and clayey sands with gravel over bedrock
Approximate Key Quantities: 400 Controlled Modulus Columns (CMC)® rigid inclusions


Project Overview:

Interchange 142 of the Garden State Parkway at Interstate 78 in Union County, New Jersey is a $149 million rehabilitation and reconstruction project undertaken to complete the links between the road systems while improving traffic flow and safety for local communities by allowing a more rapid access to the highways.

This project involved the construction of two new ramps, a bridge approach, and a new underpass to allow access to the highways from local communities. The project specified several sections of Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) retaining walls, and embankments supported by Controlled Modulus Columns (CMC)® rigid inclusions. Working with the general contractor for the project (owned and operated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation), Menard provided ground improvement using CMC rigid inclusions to help support the bridge approach embankments.

Ground Conditions:

The MSE approaches were underlain by a highly variable fill consisting of silty and clay sands with gravel, over bedrock. The average depth to bedrock ranged from 15 to 35 feet. The fill layer included debris consisting of brick, concrete fragments, cinders, wood, metal and glass. Due to the high variability of the fill, the predicted differential settlement for the unimproved ground was not desirable.


CMC rigid inclusions were proposed for the project to improve the soil prior to construction of the embankments and MSE wall sections. The inclusions were installed under the embankments and the MSE wall sections to distribute the load from the roadway embankment, allowing for a sharing of the load between the CMC rigid inclusions and the surrounding soil.

To support the embankments and MSE wall sections, over 400 CMC rigid inclusions were installed at a maximum depth of 35 feet, for a total of 8,460 linear feet.

Several ground improvement options were considered for the project, but CMC rigid inclusions were selected as the most appropriate solution for the job based on the construction schedule, total settlement and overall cost.

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